[Gỡ rối] Nên vắt sữa trước hay sau khi cho con bú? Lịch hút sữa cho mẹ

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Should mothers express milk before or after breastfeeding is good for the baby? Choosing the right time to breastfeed is also very important for the baby to absorb nutrients well. So how soon after giving birth should you pump milk? What will the breastfeeding schedule for nursing mothers in each stage be like? All questions will be answered through the following article. Through this article, mothers will have a better understanding of pumping milk during breastfeeding.

Should I express milk before or after breastfeeding?

Are you still wondering whether to express milk before or after breastfeeding? The answer is that mothers should express milk AFTER breastfeeding. Because if you express milk before breastfeeding, your baby will not be able to fully absorb the nutrients in breast milk.

In particular, expressing colostrum is one of the disastrous mistakes many mothers make. First milk is the first milk that appears when your baby is nursing, and will be released during the first 10 minutes. In colostrum contains many types of protein, water, vitamins, minerals, … This milk will help children can quench their thirst because it contains very little fat.

When the mother breastfeeds the baby, it will help the baby replenish water, antibodies, vitamins to increase resistance and immune system. However, breastfeeding will not be able to help the baby gain weight, so mothers need to give their babies both colostrum and milk to supplement fat and more energy. As a result, children can be full for a long time and develop and gain weight better.

Expressing milk after breastfeeding will work

  • Helps the baby to fully absorb nutrition: Expressing milk after breastfeeding will help the baby absorb all the nutrients in breast milk. When breast-feeding, if the baby is breastfed for too short a time, it will not be able to absorb all the nutrients in the colostrum and final milk.

However, if a mother expresses milk, she will be able to synthesize all the nutrients in breast milk. As a result, children can absorb and develop better.

  • Stimulate milk glands: Expressing milk will help mothers solve the situation of breast milk that is left behind when the baby does not finish sucking. At the same time, expressing milk will stimulate the activity of the milk glands, helping to produce milk more regularly to meet the needs of the baby.

  • Preventing blocked milk ducts: When mothers express milk regularly, the amount of milk produced each day will not be left in the milk follicles. As a result, the milk follicles will not be blocked leading to loss of milk or breast abscess, causing mothers to have pain or breast tenderness.

Expressing milk after giving birth will help mothers stimulate milk gland activity (Image: Internet Collection)

How soon after giving birth should you pump milk?

According to some recommendations, 3 weeks postpartum is the safest time, 6 weeks is the most appropriate time for mothers to use a breast pump. Because after giving birth, if you pump too soon, it is easy for mothers to have blocked milk ducts later.

However, in some cases, mothers may consider using a breast pump to breastfeed their babies, such as:

  • Babies are too young to be breastfed directly, mothers can pump milk right after birth to breastfeed. Take advantage of the source of colostrum containing many good antibodies for the baby.

  • The baby has not latched on to the right sucking joint, breast feeding has not been possible after birth

  • Breast milk comes in early, but the baby has not been able to suckle much, causing the mother’s breasts to be tight, painful and uncomfortable. Mothers can use a breast pump to pump less engorged and more comfortable and can maintain the amount of milk for the baby.

  • If the mother’s nipple is too big, inverted or flattened, making it difficult for the baby to latch on, the mother can pump out milk to feed the baby.

6 months postpartum is the best time for mothers to pump milk (Photo: Internet Collection)

Breast pump schedule for mothers nursing babies under 6 months

For babies under 6 months, especially newborns need to be fed every 2 hours, so mothers need to have a suitable pumping schedule to ensure the baby’s needs. Mothers should smoke 5 to 6 times a day, 3 to 4 hours apart each time. Smoking start time is from 7am to 10pm. The daily pumping schedule can start pumping from 7am, 10pm, 1pm, 4pm, 7pm, and 10pm.

Depending on the amount of nipples, mothers can arrange and adjust the appropriate pumping schedule to ensure that the mother can sleep for 8 consecutive hours a day. The pumping schedule needs to ensure enough milk for the baby. At the same time, the breast pump schedule is not too much, so the mother does not have time to rest and take care of the baby.

For babies under 6 months old, mothers should smoke 5-6 times a day (Photo: Internet Collection)

Breast pump schedule for mothers raising children older than 6 months

At each stage of development, the baby’s needs will also be different, so mothers should understand this to have a suitable pumping schedule to meet enough milk for the baby. At this time, in addition to breast milk, the baby is also given extra food, so the number of feedings will be less and the amount of milk each feeding will increase.

Therefore, at this stage, the mother only needs to smoke 2 to 3 times a day, 4 to 5 hours apart each time. Pumping schedule can start from 7am, 11pm, 4pm.

When the baby is over 6 months old, the mother will reduce the number of breast pumps to only about 2-3 times a day (Photo: Internet Collection)

How to pump milk for mothers after giving birth

Squeeze by hand

Expressing breast milk by hand is the traditional way of expressing breast milk, suitable for mothers who do not like the feel or sound of a breast pump. At the same time, expressing milk by hand is also very convenient for mothers because it can be used anywhere or anytime.


To express milk by hand effectively, mothers need to learn how to express thoroughly so that when expressing more milk, it does not cause pain and tightness in the breast. Before expressing, mothers should prepare fully expressing tools such as milk bottles or storage bags, towels, …

The steps for manual milking are performed as follows:

  • Step 1: Wash hands thoroughly and sanitize and disinfect milk containers

  • Step 2: Choose a comfortable position to sit and conduct breast massage or hot compress to stimulate milk glands before expressing.

  • Step 3: Place the thumb on the nipple and the remaining fingers under the breast to form a C shape. The thumb and fingers should be about 2-5cm away from the nipple. Then, press on the breast and then release, repeat this movement until the milk comes out.

  • Step 4: Using the bottle of expressed milk, place the nipple on the top of the bottle to catch the expressed milk. Express each breast for 3-5 minutes, then move your hand around the breast to express all the milk.

  • Step 5: Switch to the other breast when the milk has stopped flowing. You can give it to your baby to drink immediately or store it in a storage bag for later use.

Some things mothers need to keep in mind to make expressing milk more comfortable and easier:

  • Before expressing milk by hand, mothers should massage the breast, massage evenly around the breast to stimulate the milk glands when expressing more milk. At the same time, the massage or massage will dissolve the blocked milk clumps in the milk ducts, helping mothers reduce discomfort and express milk more easily.

  • Squeezing and pulling along the skin during the milking process will cause pain, bruising, and discomfort for mothers, so before squeezing, mothers should warm up the breast to be more comfortable.

Expressing milk by hand can help mothers dissolve milk clots in milk ducts (Image: Internet Collection)

Vacuum by machine

Pumping milk by machine is the choice of many diaper mothers today because of its convenience and saving time for mothers to rest and take care of their babies.


Due to using a pump to pump milk, mothers need to choose a reputable, quality and suitable brand for themselves to make pumping easier and avoiding pain.

The steps to pump milk with a machine are performed as follows:

  • Step 1: Wash your hands thoroughly, clean and disinfect the breast pump, container, and storage bag
  • Step 2: Check the operation of the breast pump
  • Step 3: Choose a comfortable sitting position to pump and massage your breasts before pumping to stimulate the milk glands
  • Step 4: Place the suction cup on the breast, press the straw into the correct position of the nipple to pump milk. During the pumping process, mothers keep a close eye on the pump, gently press on the tip of the nipple and then release it.
  • Step 5: Perform suction for about 15-20 minutes for each breast. Mothers should adjust the suction speed to match the baby’s movement when suckling. After pumping, mothers can express by hand to clean milk.

Some points mothers need to keep in mind when using a breast pump such as:

  • Carefully read the user manual of the machine, familiarize yourself with the operation of the machine to avoid problems or pain when using it.

  • Mothers should keep their spirits up so that the milk flow is not blocked

  • Adjust the pumping speed properly so as not to cause tightness or pain when pumping

  • When breast milk shows signs of slowing down, mothers should turn off the pump

Pumping milk with a machine will reduce the friction that causes breast pain for mothers (Photo: Internet Collection)

Note when pumping milk during breastfeeding

In order for the breastfeeding process to take place smoothly, without affecting the mother and baby, mothers should pay attention to a few things:

Should pump milk by machine

Pumping milk with a machine is very fast, helping mothers save a lot of time to rest and take care of the baby than expressing by hand. At the same time, when extracting by machine, it will cause less breast pain, burning or bruising. Pumping milk with a machine, especially a double machine, will help mothers pump milk evenly on both sides, reducing the feeling of milk tightness for diaper mothers.

Pumping milk with a machine will help mothers save time (Photo: Internet Collection)

Sterilize tools before wringing

Before mothers pump milk, it is necessary to clean the pump, container or storage bag thoroughly. If you have a sterilizer at home, you should put it in the machine to sterilize bacteria after washing. Because after pumping, the milk is very susceptible to bacterial infections that affect the baby’s digestive and intestinal tract.

Mothers should sterilize tools before expressing milk (Photo: Internet Collection)

Preserving milk after expressing

After expressing milk, mothers can give it to the baby directly or store it in the refrigerator to preserve it during the day. If the baby does not run out of milk, the mother can put it in a bag to freeze, when putting it in the bag, the mother should squeeze all the air out to avoid affecting the quality of the milk.

After expressing milk, mothers can store it in the refrigerator during the day (Photo: Internet Collection)

Warm expressed milk to use

For milk that has been refrigerated before giving it to children, mothers should warm it up at a temperature of 35-40 degrees Celsius to avoid affecting the baby’s digestion. When warming breast milk, mothers also need to heat it properly to keep the nutritional values ​​in the milk.

To warm milk for children, mothers should take the right amount to use. When reheating, do not heat directly on fire, it will lose nutrients and antibodies in milk.

For frozen milk, the mother should defrost in the refrigerator before reheating and should not defrost directly because the sudden temperature change will cause the nutrients in the milk to be lost. If the baby does not use all the warmed milk, it should be discarded and not fed again.

Warming milk at 40 degrees Celsius will help preserve nutrients in milk for children (Photo: Internet Collection)

The above article has clarified the issue of whether to express milk before or after breastfeeding. Raising children in the postpartum period is extremely difficult because children will develop and change at different stages. In order to take good care of the baby, mothers should have a suitable arrangement plan to ensure enough milk for the baby and time to recover after birth. Hopefully the above sharing will help mothers get more useful information when breastfeeding. Wishing all mothers a healthy and successful parenting journey!

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