Phá thai khi đang cho con bú có sao không? Cách phá thai an toàn

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Pregnancy during lactation has pushed many breastfeeding mothers into difficult situations. Some mothers have to choose to keep or abandon the baby because economic and health conditions do not allow. So is it okay for mothers to have an abortion while breastfeeding? What are the consequences of abortion later on? The concerns of mothers will be answered shortly. Through this article, mothers will better understand and the consequences of abortion and how to avoid pregnancy safely while breastfeeding.

Is it okay to have an abortion while breastfeeding?

According to doctors, women after giving birth normally, when their periods have not returned, they will still be able to get pregnant. Because while breastfeeding, mothers do not have periods, but eggs can still be released. During this time, if the mother has sex without using contraception, pregnancy may occur.

Depending on the condition and health, many mothers will choose to keep or abort the pregnancy. However, abortion while breastfeeding is extremely dangerous. According to experts, after giving birth, the mother’s resistance is very weak and the body is in the recovery phase.

The abortion can have very serious consequences for the mother’s body such as bleeding, infection, uterine perforation, placental remnants, uterine adhesions, etc. future fertility of mothers. At the same time, abortion while breastfeeding also affects milk supply and adversely affects the health of the child.

Harms of abortion for mother

Abortion not only affects the current life of many diaper mothers but also leaves many complications. Below are some harmful effects of abortion that mothers should know to think carefully before making a decision.

  • Genital tract infections: When performing an abortion, when the instruments have been sterilized and used carefully, the bleeding process will still help bacteria enter the mother’s body. Mild cases can cause endometritis, if severe, it will cause uterine adhesions leading to infertility or even death.

  • Risk of bleeding: In the process of abortion, if the manipulations are not performed properly, it can tear, rupture or perforate the uterus. If the doctor does not handle it in time, it can make the mother dizzy, lose a lot of blood and be life-threatening.

  • Menstrual cycle disorders: After an abortion, the good hormones in the mother’s body will be changed, making the menstrual cycle also disturbed.

  • Anemia: Vaginal bleeding, placental remnants, uterine perforation, cervical laceration, haemorrhage, etc. are among the causes of severe anemia in postpartum mothers.

  • Infertility: According to some statistics, about 20% of infertility treatments stem from a history of abortion. Because women’s genitals are quite sensitive, when mothers use unsafe abortion methods, it will lead to infection and damage. This damage will cause adhesion to the ovaries, perforation of the uterus, blockage of the fallopian tubes,…and lead to infertility. In the case of abortion at unreputable clinics, unsafe conditions, poor medical skills, too large fetus, etc. will increase the risk of infertility for mothers.

Abortion will greatly affect the health and spirit of mothers (Image: Internet Collection)

Harms of abortion on children

It is not only mothers who have to suffer the effects of abortion while breastfeeding, but the babies will also be affected.

  • Reduced health (reduced milk quality): After abortion, mothers’ health will be significantly affected, causing eating disorders, bleeding, depression, psychological disorders,… The mother always feels tired, physically and mentally, causing the quality of milk to decrease.

  • Residual effects from abortion pills: When mothers take abortion pills while breastfeeding, it will lead to milk loss. And when mothers stop breastfeeding, the milk glands will no longer stimulate the production of milk for the baby.

At the same time, there are some substances in the abortion pill that are not good for the health of the child. When the mother breastfeeds, this milk flow will go directly into the baby’s body, affecting the overall development of the baby.

In addition, abortion will also greatly affect the quality of breast milk (Image: Internet Collection)

How to abort while breastfeeding

In some cases of force majeure when mothers cannot become pregnant and give birth to a baby while breastfeeding, they will choose to have an abortion. Usually, mothers will choose one of the two safe abortion methods below.

Medical abortion

A medical abortion is a method of terminating or suspending an intrauterine pregnancy, causing the fetus to stop growing. When mothers take abortion pills, it will cause the uterus to contract continuously, which will push the fetus out.

For abortion, mothers will use a combination of drugs misoprostol and mifepristone. The drug method is a medical abortion method, so the mother’s body will not bear any impact on the uterus and will be effective from 96-98%.

Conditions for using the medical abortion method:

  • Baby less than 7 weeks old

  • The fetus must be in the mother’s uterus

  • The mother has good health, is not allergic to drugs, does not have diseases such as heart disease, blood pressure, asthma, blood clotting disorders, appendicitis, …

  • During this time, the mother did not use corticosteroids

When taking the abortion pill, you should also pay attention to some side effects such as:

  • After giving birth, the body is weak, so taking the medicine may not push the placenta out

  • Using abortion pills will cause mothers to lose a lot of blood, reduce health, and not get enough nutrients when breastfeeding

  • It takes a long time for the body to recover

Abortion by medicine is when mothers take pills and put drugs in the uterus to stop the pregnancy (Photo: Internet Collection)


Abortion is a method of using medical instruments inserted into the mother’s uterus to suck the entire embryo out. This is a surgical abortion method, with a safe and successful rate of up to 98%.

Conditions when using the abortion method:

  • The appropriate and safe time for abortion is when the mother is 6-12 weeks pregnant

  • The fetus is in the mother’s womb

  • The mother has good health, is stable and does not have cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure, gynecological infections, no incisions in the uterus, no malformations in the genital tract, ..

When choosing an abortion method, there are a few things to keep in mind:

  • The abortion method requires a high level of expertise and skill of the doctor, sterile instruments, and medical facilities must ensure to avoid emergency situations. Mothers need to choose a reputable and legal operation to perform because if done incorrectly, it can leave many complications such as uterine perforation, uterine adhesions, infertility, …

  • After performing a curettage, mothers should monitor their body’s manifestations and go to the hospital for examination and treatment when there are abnormal signs.

Abortion is very easy to leave complications and affect the reproductive health of mothers later (Photo: Internet Collection)

Things to do after abortion while breastfeeding

The mother’s body is often very weak after an abortion, so it is necessary to take good care to avoid complications and help the body recover quickly. Things you should do post-abortion breastfeeding can be:

Full rest

In the post-abortion period, mothers should rest well to restore their body and heal wounds. Mothers can relax, do light exercise to exercise and restore the body.

Nutritional supplements

After an abortion, the mother’s body is often very weak, so it is necessary to supplement with adequate nutrients to restore the body. Here are some foods that are good for moms after an abortion.

  • Vegetables and fruits provide large amounts of vitamins, fiber, and minerals to help mothers digest better

  • Foods containing a lot of calcium from milk will be low in fat and help mothers fully supplement vitamin D

  • Protein-rich foods will help mothers recover quickly and regenerate blood for the body

  • Nuts, grains will increase the amount of fiber and minerals for the body

  • Foods high in iron will compensate for the blood loss during the abortion, reducing the risk of anemia in mothers.

After an abortion, mothers should supplement with adequate nutrients to recover quickly (Photo: Internet Collection)

Clean body

After the abortion, the mother should not take a bath immediately because the body is extremely weak at this time, so it is easy to catch colds and colds. At the same time, after the abortion, the placenta and the remaining blood will also be expelled from the uterus through the vagina. This part of blood and placenta will be a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria and fungi, leading to pelvic inflammatory disease, cervicitis, etc., which can seriously affect reproductive health later on.

Therefore, mothers should use hot water to wipe over the body and genitals to avoid water contamination of the body. When cleaning the intimate area, mothers should choose mild solutions to avoid causing damage to the vagina. While cleaning the intimate area, do not douche too deeply to avoid injury. In addition, to keep the intimate area clean, mothers should change tampons every 4 hours and change underwear regularly to avoid infection.

Abstain from sex

For 2 weeks after the abortion, the mother should abstain from sex to give the body absolute rest. If you have sex too soon when the body has not recovered, the mother is very susceptible to infection or dangerous complications after an abortion.

After these 2 weeks, mothers should also pay attention not to have sex with too much frequency, so pay attention to how the body feels to see if there is pain or bleeding. If abnormal symptoms occur, mothers should go to the hospital for examination and treatment promptly.

For 2 weeks after the abortion, mothers should abstain from sex to give the body time to recover (Photo: Internet Collection)

Regular health check

Health check-up after abortion is very necessary for mothers to check the condition of the uterus. When examining, it will know after abortion if there is residual placenta, blood stasis or fluid retention. At the same time, mothers can also check for abnormal conditions of the body after abortion to know and treat promptly. Thanks to that, it is possible to ensure the current health status and future reproductive health for mothers to avoid being affected.

Safe contraception while breastfeeding

Choosing a safe and highly effective birth control method when breastfeeding makes many mothers wonder. If you do not know which method is good, you can refer to some of the following methods of contraception:


In any case, condoms are still a convenient and safe method chosen by many couples. Whether you are breastfeeding or not, you can still use a condom to prevent pregnancy with a 98% probability for male condoms and 95% for female condoms.

With this method, not only can effectively prevent pregnancy, but also prevent sexually transmitted diseases effectively. When using diapers, mothers will not have to worry about affecting the quality of breast milk.

Condoms are a safe way to prevent pregnancy and limit infectious diseases (Image: Internet Collection)

Set ring

The effectiveness of contraceptive method by placing ring is quite high, mothers can use to prevent pregnancy within 10 years. The advantage of this method is that it is quite cheap and easy to use.

After 10 minutes of delivery, mothers can proceed to insert the ring if there are no cases of sepsis, cervical infection or postpartum hemorrhage. On the other hand, to be safe, mothers can put the ring in 3 days or 6 weeks after giving birth.

However, placing the ring after 3 days will have a high rate of slippage compared to 6 weeks. At the same time, according to many studies, about 1% of women have uterine perforation during IUD insertion. Especially during breastfeeding will increase the risk of death due to the mother’s IUD.

Placing the ring is an economical and long-term contraceptive method for diaper mothers (Image: Internet Collection)

Contraceptive implant

The implant is quite effective in preventing pregnancy and has a shelf life of 3 years. When mothers want to get pregnant, just pull out the stick, the pregnancy test strip is easy to use and does not affect breast milk secretion.

However, when using this method, the mother is easy to menstruate in the first month or easily gain weight. The best time to place the implant is recommended by doctors about 21 to 28 days after birth.

The convenient implantable contraceptive method, which saves a lot of moms favorite diapers (Photo: Internet Collection)

Questions about abortion while breastfeeding are all answered through the above article. Getting pregnant while breastfeeding puts mothers in a very dangerous situation for their own health and the baby’s. Therefore, hopefully through this article, mothers will find suitable contraceptive methods to protect their health. Wishing all mothers a healthy and safe journey to raise their children.

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