The time near the end of pregnancy is an important sprint period for both mother and baby. Therefore, pregnant mothers need to be equipped with some basic pregnancy knowledge to ensure that the mother is round and square after giving birth. In this article, Monkey will share important information that last month pregnant women need to know.
Fetal development and changes in the last month of pregnancy
The last month is the time when a pregnant mother prepares to give birth to her baby. This is also the month when the health of mother and baby has many noticeable changes. Therefore, closely monitoring the health of the pregnant mother and the development of the fetus is an extremely important factor to ensure a successful labor process.
How does the health of pregnant women in the 9th month change?
The last month is the most challenging time during 40 weeks of pregnancy. Pregnant women in the last month of pregnancy will face many health-related problems below.
Difficulty sleeping in the last month of pregnancy
It is quite common for pregnant women to often lose sleep or find it difficult to sleep in the last month of pregnancy. The cause of this is mainly due to hormonal changes in the body, affecting the mother’s digestive system. That causes belching, constipation, bloating, leading to insomnia.
In addition, pregnant women in the last month of pregnancy may lose sleep for a number of other reasons such as uncomfortable sleeping positions, cramps, constant urination, etc.
To overcome insomnia, women can put a pillow with their head high to help limit discomfort caused by the digestive system when sleeping. In addition, you can try reading books, doing gentle exercise, soaking your feet in warm water to sleep well and limit cramps.
Difficulty breathing more in the 9th month
During the last month of pregnancy, pregnant women will often find it harder to breathe than before. The main cause of this phenomenon is an increase in hormone
one, especially progesterone stimulates the lungs and respiratory center in the brain. At that time, pregnant women will feel heavier and faster breathing.
In addition, this condition is also caused by the expanding uterus, which will compress and restrict the diaphragm’s activity, causing difficulty breathing for the pregnant woman.
Walking is more difficult in the last month of pregnancy
The size of the belly of a pregnant woman in the last month of pregnancy increases, increasing pressure on the legs. Even, the body is often tired, the legs are swollen, the pregnant belly is big, making it easy for women to lose their balance or very difficult to move.
Besides, as the fetus grows, the pain in the mother’s body increases. The health of the 9th month pregnant woman is often affected with pain in the buttocks and groin, back and chest that makes walking even more difficult.
To reduce swelling, pregnant women can wear comfortable clothes that combine gentle foot massage and build a balanced diet. Gentle exercise and regular rest are also effective ways to help pregnant women feel less pain in the 9th month.
9th month fetal development
The 9th month will be the month when the fetus grows rapidly. Therefore, the development and weight of the fetus is balanced is something that pregnant women in the last month need to know.
As the due date approaches, the baby’s weight increases rapidly. The organs also gradually mature, especially the fetal brain can reach 25% of the adult brain weight.
Specifically, at 33 weeks, the baby’s senses can be active. Baby’s brain is also developing rapidly. At this time, the baby’s weight is approximately 1.9 kg or heavier, the baby’s height is about 43 cm.
At 34 weeks, the fetus has grown quite large in the uterus, leaving no room to move. So if you see that your baby is no longer kicking as much as before, don’t worry too much. However, pregnant women in the last month should also observe closely and notify the doctor if they see any other abnormalities in the baby for timely intervention.
By week 35, while the central nervous system is being developed, the baby’s lungs are ready for the process of breathing air. Some babies can already be born at this point and are completely healthy.
At 36 weeks, babies are about 50cm long, weighing from 3 to 3.5 kg or more. The baby’s organs are fully developed. The 9th month pregnant woman should always be ready to welcome the baby to be born at any time.
Weeks 37 to 40, some babies were born early last week and others didn’t want to come out yet. If the due date is near and the babies have not come out, then you should consult your doctor about whether to give birth naturally or need a caesarean section!
Important things 9 months pregnant women need to know
Towards the last month, the weight of the baby increases rapidly, increasing venous pressure, which slows down the blood circulation in pregnant women. The health of pregnant women in September will be affected such as feeling tired, the body is always wet and difficult to walk. Therefore, this is an important period to strengthen nutrients for the body of mother and baby to be healthy.
Scientific nutrition for pregnant women in September
A scientific diet for pregnant women in the last month of pregnancy must meet healthy criteria and provide good energy for mother and baby. At the same time, this regimen should ensure to promote fetal development and reduce pregnancy complications.
What should pregnant women eat in the last month?
So what should pregnant women in the last month eat? Here are the foods pregnant women should add:
Foods rich in iron: Egg yolks, chicken, beef, fish, amaranth, raisins are foods that provide very good iron for pregnant women.
Foods rich in fiber: Vegetables, whole grains, seaweed …
Foods containing vitamin A: Spinach, gac, carrots, sweet potatoes …
Foods containing vitamin C: Oranges, lemons, papayas, strawberries, tomatoes … are foods rich in vitamin C that are very good for the health of pregnant women in the last month.
Foods rich in folic acid: Spinach, amaranth, legumes and seeds.
Foods rich in calcium: Legumes, milk, broccoli, oats, nuts like almonds, sesame seeds…
Pregnant women in the last month need to pay attention to choosing foods that are clean and safe, ensuring that vegetables are not sprayed with pesticides. The last month of pregnancy is when the baby will develop very quickly. Therefore, pregnant mothers need to add 200 to 300 calories more than usual to ensure nutrition for the baby.
What should pregnant women not eat in the last month?
In addition to establishing a scientific and nutritious diet, women also need to pay attention to avoid using some of the following foods:
High-fat foods: Fried foods, containing a lot of animal fat, foods fried in oil for many times …
Animal organs: Especially animal liver.
Seafood containing high levels of mercury: Tuna, tilefish, shark, swordfish, mackerel, shark…
Salty and sour dishes.
Food is not well cooked.
Beverages containing alcohol/gas/stimulants.
Scientific activity regime 9 months pregnant women need to follow
So what should pregnant women in the last month of pregnancy do to prepare for a good health before giving birth? It is necessary to ensure a scientific lifestyle, exercise, and sleep properly.
Sleep mode, rest
Pregnant women should spend about 7-9 hours for a night’s sleep and a short nap to ensure their own health and the healthy development of their babies.
However, the last month is usually the most prone to insomnia and sleep problems during pregnancy. So you can try the following ways to get a better night’s sleep:
Soak your feet in warm water before going to bed.
Use a hug pillow.
Massage the body, especially the legs.
Listen to relaxing music or read a book.
Pregnant women in September can walk gently for about 20 minutes a day. Pregnant women should maintain exercise in cool places with lots of trees and fresh air. Absolutely avoid excessive exercise, especially heavy activities that cause abdominal pressure because it will affect the fetus.
You need to pay attention to bathing and changing clothes every day. The bathroom should be airtight to avoid catching a cold. In addition, pregnant women should pay attention to use a shower or washcloth to wash the outside of the private area, do not spray directly with the faucet or put your fingers inside.
Another thing to note is that you need to use a soft and warm towel to wipe your breasts every day. While cleaning the breast area, the operation should be gentle, avoiding nipple stimulation. Because under the nipple is connected to the uterus, strong stimulation can threaten the health of both mother and baby.
Should pregnant women have sex in the last month?
According to the recommendations of reproductive health experts, in the last month of pregnancy, abstaining from sex will be the best. Because if the position is not suitable during sex, it can cause uterine contractions, affecting the amount of blood supplied to the fetus, easily leading to premature birth.
However, husband and wife can completely warm up their feelings with gentle caressing and cuddling gestures.
Of course, if desired, the couple can still “kneel” gently and ensure the right posture, absolutely do not press on the pregnant belly. The intensity of “love” needs to be minimized, only “love” 1-2 times a week to ensure a stable pregnant mother’s health.
The best sleeping position for the health of the 9th month pregnant woman
The growing belly of the pregnant woman makes it more difficult for the last month of pregnancy to lie down. Therefore, you should choose a lying position with your legs slightly bent to reduce muscle tension and avoid the abdomen pressing on the main blood vessel.
Regarding which side is better, mothers can rest assured that either side is comfortable as long as it is comfortable. However, the mother still has to prioritize the left side because often lying on the right side can cause blood vessels to dilate, affecting the oxygen supply to the baby.
When lying on your side, you can put a small pillow or thin blanket to support your belly. Absolutely avoid lying on your back like a shrimp’s back.
When is the last month pregnant women need to see a doctor right away?
The last month is the time when the mother’s health needs to be monitored most closely because the baby can be born at any time. Pregnant women in the last month need to follow the schedule of regular antenatal check-ups to ensure a smooth delivery.
Pregnancy check-up schedule
The schedule of antenatal check-ups in the last month of pregnancy will be thicker for the doctor to monitor the development of the fetus. In the 9th month, pregnant women need to have regular check-ups every 2 weeks and one last check-up before giving birth.
During the last month of antenatal care, the pregnant woman will know if the position of the fetus is favorable, whether the fetus is able to pass through the mother’s pelvis, how much amniotic fluid, how the placenta develops… From there, the doctor will Prognosis of this birth is vaginal delivery or cesarean section, time of hospital admission and location of delivery.
Some signs of labor for pregnant women to watch out for
Signs of labor usually appear around the 40th week of pregnancy. In some cases, this sign may appear earlier. Here are the last month pregnancy signs to watch out for.
Contractions occur more often: Contractions appear many and continuously (10-15 minutes) is a sign that the pregnant woman is about to go into labor. Some people also have cramps, bleeding …
The feeling that the baby is “falling down”: This is called a prolapse, which usually occurs 2-4 weeks before actual labor.
Bleeding, increased vaginal discharge: Vaginal secretions are more, from thin and viscous to thicker and may be mixed with red blood. If vaginal discharge is more red than white, pregnant women should be hospitalized soon. Because if signs of bleeding appear, labor will come at the earliest within 3-4 days.
Amniotic fluid rupture: Usually the uterus will have a constriction first, then the amniotic fluid will break. However, there are cases where the amniotic fluid breaks unexpectedly. This is a sign of labor, so you need to go to the hospital right away if you experience this sign.
Above is an article about important information for pregnant women in the last month to remember. Hopefully, through this article, Monkey has helped you better understand the knowledge of pregnancy in the last month to prepare for a successful labor.
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