Tiếng Việt lớp 5 từ đồng âm: Các kiến thức cần nhớ và một số lưu ý khi sử dụng

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In elementary school, 5th grade Vietnamese with homonyms is a very new knowledge for children. Therefore, children will easily have difficulty in recognizing and distinguishing different types of words. To help children have a better view of homonyms and how to use them. Parents, please refer to the following article to help Monkey learn better!

Overview of homonyms in Vietnamese grade 5

When children start 5th grade, they will be exposed to the Literature program which includes full knowledge of 5th grade homonyms, antonyms,… If your child still doesn’t know how to identify and differentiate distinguishable. This article will help your child have a simple method of recognizing homonyms.

What are homonyms?

Homonyms are understood as words that often have the same form phonetically. The spelling and reading will be the same, but the meaning is completely different. For example: Both the words “Truth” and “chair legs” have the same sound, but in meaning, one word refers to human virtues, the other means the meaning of the chair part.

Vietnamese language is known as a language rich in meaning and words. Besides, if we teach children to distinguish homonyms well, it will help increase expression in spoken and written language. In life and literature, children will always be acquainted with many homonyms, but in terms of meaning, they need to be put in the correct situation.

How to distinguish homonyms and words with multiple meanings?

Before coming to the way to distinguish the two types of words above, we need to understand that: What is a word with multiple meanings? Thus, multi-meaning words are defined as words that have a single root meaning and consist of one or several transliterations of the original word and are always closely related to each other.

A more specific example: With a word “Eat” will include the following meanings:

  • Eating rice: It is considered the original meaning with the meaning that food is rice entering the body to feed itself.

  • Wedding: An occasion for people to gather to eat and drink on the occasion of the wedding.

  • Photogenic: A satisfactory beauty is exalted in the photo.

  • River feeds to the sea: It is the form that spreads out and towards the sea.

Therefore, the word “Eat” belongs to a group of words with many meanings. With the literal meaning is the original meaning, which means it is direct, close and easy to understand, not depending too much on the context. The figurative meaning is the translation inferred from the literal meaning. And the meaning often depends on the context, the new meaning is correct.

Therefore, the complexity of homonyms in grade 5 and many meanings make them easily confused. The distinction between the above words also depends on each specific case. However, you can still help your child recognize these two types of words well by following these tips:

  • For homonyms: Usually carries the original meaning and other meanings will have no relationship with each other, cannot be substituted for each other in contexts.

  • For words with multiple meanings: Although they will be slightly different, they often have a connection with semantics. When in transitions, in some cases words can still be replaced with another word.

How to distinguish homonyms and words with multiple meanings.  (Photo: Internet Collection)

You can refer to the example below:

Example 1:

  • The newly built bridge has helped solve the travel needs of people for a long time.

  • In a team of the national team, the majority will choose good players with high expertise.

From the two examples above, you can replace the word “Bridge” in “Bridge” and “Player” as a homonym with a completely different shade of meaning. One side is a construction work across the river and from the player is a football player.

Example 2: The poem “Day by day the sun passes over the mausoleum / Seeing a very red sun in the mausoleum”.

In example 2, we see that the phrase “Sun” appearing in the first sentence will have the original meaning with the meaning that the sun is a shining entity. And the “Sun” of the second sentence is used to metaphorize Uncle Ho with a shifting meaning and can also be replaced by other words such as: People, Uncle Ho,…

Audio book store on VMonkey application.  (Photo: Monkey)

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How to classify homonyms in Vietnamese?

Based on the above concept, we have many different types of homonyms. Right here, let’s refer to the types of Vietnamese homonyms for grade 5 with Monkey right below.

Vocabulary homonyms

Belongs to a type of homonym with different meanings in Vietnamese – similar in pronunciation and reading, but with completely different meanings. Examples of specific 5th grade homonyms: Today my father went to the market to buy a baby. In there:

Through that, we can see that the word “Three” in this situation is similar in sound, in reading but has different meanings, unrelated to each other.

Vocabulary-grammar homonyms

It is understood as words that have the same sound and pronunciation but different word types. Specific examples:

How to classify homonyms in Vietnamese.  (Photo: Internet Collection)

Homophones through translation

Also known as homonyms with foreign languages, that is, words that are only homophones with foreign languages ​​thanks to translation. And this is also a case that appears in life a lot. A specific example:

Homonyms between words and sounds

Usually, for homonyms between words and sounds, there will be more similar words. With the mention of 1 hour, it will be a verb word and the remaining words belong to nouns, adjectives,… A specific example:

Differences between types of homonyms.  (Photo: Internet Collection)

Based on the above example, we can see that although the word “flute” is similar in grammar, it has completely different meanings. With the first sentence, “Flute” means the sound of a musical instrument, but the second sentence refers to a bird.

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The effect of homonyms

Homonyms appear most often in Chinese and Vietnamese. Therefore, understanding the use of this word helps children to easily apply it to life in writing.

The ancients often used homonyms a lot when composing poetry with the main purpose of playing with words. Because based on the phenomenon of homophony, we will create sentences with many meanings, bringing surprises and attracting more readers. Besides, it is also used to emphasize the content of the sentence, create associations, ridicule or satirize.

The effect of homonyms.  (Photo: Internet Collection)

Instructions on how to use homonyms correctly

In order to help children learn Vietnamese in grade 5 with homonyms easily, parents need to guide their children when and how to use these words. First, it is necessary to understand that homonyms are just the same pronunciation but different in meaning. Therefore, in communication, it is necessary to pay attention to the context to avoid using wrong words and making it difficult for listeners to understand.

To know how to apply homonyms in context, you must let your child understand the meanings of homonyms. From there, the child can reason and analyze based on specific circumstances, avoiding the use of ambivalent or homonymous words when communicating with strangers.

In addition, to make sentences easier to understand and better, children can also use punctuation marks in Vietnamese to distinguish, break lines, break lines with homonyms in single or compound sentences. When used, it is necessary to add additional components to explain the sentence to help readers understand the meaning better.

See also: Learning Vietnamese in grade 5 to make an outline for the rain: Steps to implement and some “STANDARD” outline samples

Learn how to use homonyms correctly.  (Photo: Internet Collection)

There are many applications of homonyms in life. Some examples below will help your child better understand the role and use of words.

Example 1: Horizon, elephant legs, chair legs.

With the same word and the same pronunciation, the meaning of the word “Tru” of the above phrases is different. With “Horizon”, the foot is understood as the last point of the sky, from the foot in “Elephant’s foot” is the foot of an animal used to support the elephant’s body. And finally, the “leg of the chair” is the object in direct contact with the ground.

Example 2: The gums are beneficial but the teeth are not.

Here, the same word is gum, but in the first sense, it means a part of the human body, helping to protect and fix the tooth. However, the second benefit is benefit, talking about something beneficial to people.

Example 3: Bring fish to the warehouse.

Although only one word, but you can understand it in two cases: First, the warehouse here will be brought back to be processed into a dish – Braised fish dish. Second, you can put it in the context of bringing fish back to the warehouse or in the warehouse to store fish.

Example 4: Coin – Synonyms

The same pronunciation, but the copper in “Coin” is a type of money and the copper in “Synonym” is the same word in Vietnamese.

Example 5: Main road – Sand road

The meaning of the word sugar in “Major Road” is a place to travel by moving, while granulated sugar is the name of a type of sugar – The spice of the dish.

Some exercises on common Vietnamese homonyms in grade 5

If your child understands the concept and distinguishes between the two most confusing words in Vietnamese. Parents can give some exercises to help their children remember homonyms longer.

Lesson 1: Distinguish the meanings of the following homonyms in Vietnamese:

With field means a large and flat area of ​​land, field used for plowing and growing crops. Bronze statues are usually made of red metal, laminated and spun, used in electrical wiring and alloying. For one thousand dong, it is the currency of Vietnam.

The phrase rock is understood as minerals in solid, solid, brittle form and forming large boulders. Often used to build houses, architecture,… With the phrase kicking the ball, it means an activity of quickly putting your feet and hurling hard at the ball to be able to put the ball into the opponent’s goal.

Some exercises on common Vietnamese homonyms in grade 5.  (Photo: Internet Collection)

Parents are a way of addressing the person who gave birth to you. Some other words are synonymous with parents such as: Dad, u, bruise, teacher, … And the phrase three years old is a way of expressing the number of years of human birth.

Lesson 2: Make sentences with the words: Board, chess, water to distinguish homonyms:

For the flag word:

For the word table:

For the word water:

  • This move I couldn’t beat you.

  • Vietnam has a special S shape.

  • We need to drink 2 liters of water every day to stay healthy.

Lesson 3: Read the story below and say why Nam thinks his father has moved to a bank?

Nam: – Binh, do you know, my father has already moved to a bank to work.

Binh: – Why did you ask your father to be in the army the other day?

Nam: – Yes, that’s right, my father’s previous letter informed me: “Dad is on an island”. However, in this letter, my father said, “My father is keeping money to spend for the Fatherland”.

Jar: – !!!

Suggested solution:

In the short conversation above, we should pay attention to the phrase “spending money”. In the truest sense, the outpost is understood as an important position where the guard is in front of the garrison area, facing the enemy. Meanwhile, Nam misunderstood the word “spend” to mean money to spend and thought his father worked at a bank.

The above article is some knowledge to help children learn Vietnamese in grade 5 from homonyms better, identify and distinguish words from each other. Through that, parents can help their children have a good learning method by knowing concepts, identifying, classifying and finally doing exercises for them to remember longer. Wish you success!

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